The pump bowls are of the diffusor type. Each diffusor has an outlet flange screwed to the next diffusor or first riser column. Together with the riser columns and discharge bend on deck, they are designed for the required working pressure.
The riser columns bring the pumped fluid up to deck level. Each column is a flanged pipe, which supports the shaft journal bearings through spider bearings at each flange connection.
As standard discharge nozzle is supplied with a 150 lbs ANSI B16.5 flange with a 1/16″ raised face.
Pumps can be furnished with other flange ratings and facing upon request. Standard orientation is horizontal.
Suction nozzle is normally submerged into a basin or fluid filled caisson. As an option pumps can be delivered with a bucket around the pump unit, making it possible to connect the pump inlet to a pipeline.
A mechanical seal or labyrinth seal with back up seal arrangement are fitted in deck head (discharge bend). Mechanical seals can be either single or double.
The shaft which is machined and ground to required dimensions, is of ample size to transmit the required power and prevent excessive deflection.
Long shaft pumps have the drive shaft enclosed in the riser columns. Several intermediate shafts connected by sleeve couplings, transmit power to the pump unit. Each shaft is normally two times the column section length. This means that each shaft is supported by two journal bearings. As an option, shaft length can be made equal to column length if the dismantling height on deck is limited.
The impeller is single suction and designed with a large eye area to ensure low NPSH requirements and thus reduce the possibility of cavitations.
Casing wear rings
The casing wear rings are inserted in the pump bowl with a slight interference fit and secured with a hollow head setscrew.
Long shaft pumps have a throat bushing fitted in the deck head to minimize leakage around the shaft. This can be a straight sleeve or a labyrinth seal. Both solutions ensure low pressure on the back up seal or mechanical seal.
Shaft sleeves are keyed to prevent rotation and are axially secured between impellers and shaft lock nut. Thus securing the impellers in the correct axial position, as well as protecting the shaft from wear under the bearings in the pump unit. As an option, the intermediate shafts can also be delivered with protective sleeves under the journal bearings in the riser.
O-ring type gaskets are provided between the pump bowls, column risers and deck head, which allows metal to metal assembly ensuring correct fit.
Long shaft pumps have axial thrust taken by a deck head mounted thrust bearing or by the bearing in the driver. Either oil or grease lubricated anti-friction thrust bearing is used.
Journal bearings in riser and pump unit are of the product lubricated sleeve type. Normally these bearings are of impregnated carbon with excellent dry running capabilities. Impregnation material and carbon/graphite quality will be dependent upon pump fluid.
Pumps with an axial bearing fitted in the deck head will be furnished with a spacer type flexible coupling designed for easy mounting/dismounting.
If the axial bearing is located inside the driver, the coupling will be of a rigid axial adjustable type.
For both solutions a mechanical seal and/or bearing may be changed on site without dismounting the electric motor.